Assoc. Prof. Muhammad Shahzad Nazir, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, China
Research area: Renewable energy, Power system and its automation
Title: Energy and Environment
Abstarct: Among the renewable technologies, the wind is a prominent source of energy and synchronizing its share in global energy production market remarkably. Considering this context, in the last decades, there has been a fast growth and spread of renewable energy plants. Among them, wind generators are the most widespread type of intermittent renewable energy harvesters with their 539 GW of cumulative installed power at the end of 2017. Wind capacity, i.e. total installed power, is keeping a positive trend with an increase of 52.5 GW in 2017. In the future, such growth could decrease due to saturation of in-land windy areas that are suitable for installations.
Today, we will light-upon the emerging wind technologies considering their potential contribution, up to date challenges, environmental impacts, applications, and technology inclination and in what way they might evolve in the future. These technologies were identified as originating primarily from the academic sector, some start-up companies and a few larger industrial entities. The following capacities were deliberated: offshore floating concepts, airborne wind energy (AWE), smart rotors techniques, blade tip-mounted rotors, novel blade manufacturing techniques, multi-rotor turbines, wind-induced energy harvesting strategies, unconventional electricity transmission systems, alternative support structures, modular high-voltage direct-current generators, diffuser-augmented turbines and small-scale turbine technologies. The future role of advanced multiscale modelling and data availability is also considered. This talk is highlighting that more research will be required to realize many of these emerging technologies. However, there is a dire need to highlight the interactions between fundamental and industrial requirements by properly approaching public and private financing in these emerging wind technologies as industrial growth might outpace further fundamental study earlier than anticipated.